During the Soviet war in Afghanistan the city continued to be an economic center and was relatively safe. Between 1992 and 1996, a civil war between militant groups devastated Kabul and caused the deaths of thousands of civilians, serious damage to infrastructure, and an exodus of refugees. Since the Taliban's fall from power in November 2001, the Afghan government and other countries have attempted to rebuild the city, although the Taliban insurgents have slowed the re-construction efforts and staged major attacks against the government, the NATO-led forces, foreign diplomats and Afghan civilians.
The Kabul River is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows in the Hindu Kush Range. Its largest tributary is the Kunar River, which starts out as the Mastuj River, flowing from the Chiantar glacier in Chitral, Pakistan and after flowing south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal river flowing from Nurestan. The Kunar meets the Kabul near Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this confluence, mainly for the political and historical significance of the name.
“Mr. Souza’s work has documented some of the most important images of our lifetime ... 1 on the New York Times bestseller list in 2017. In addition to his work in national politics, Souza has traveled the globe capturing stories. Shortly after 9/11, he was among the first journalists to cover the fall of Kabul, Afghanistan ... At 5 p.m ... .
He first crossed clandestinely by foot into Nuristan in eastern Afghanistan in June 1979, accompanied by two members of the mujahideen, or holy warriors, as guerrillas resisting the communist Kabul regime were calling themselves ...Afghan soldiers in Kabul, Afghanistan, in 2016 ... Companion piece to the photograph above of Afghan soldiers in Kabul.